Norwegian rightsholders have established a system of collective distribution. Most of the collected remuneration is distributed through the member organisations.
The distribution to the rightsholders' organisations is based on what is copied, following a key negotiated among the various organisations. It is subsequently up to the organisations to pass the remuneration on to the rightsholders.
Members and non-members of the organisations are to be treated equally.
Collective distribution 2018
|Rightsholder groups||Remuneration (NOK)|
|Non-fiction writers and translators||68 184 055|
|Journalists||11 925 859|
|Newspaper editors||1 581 452|
|Specialised press editors||3 054 966|
|Fiction writers and translators||9 424 794|
|Song text writers||2 971 053|
|Composers||5 965 428|
|Designers and illustrators||14 540 827|
|Visual artists||13 006 882|
|Arts and crafts||542 310|
|Fine arts photographers||1 003 114|
|Professional photographers||3 580 390|
|Books and journals||71 784 830|
|Music||9 026 822|
|Newspapers||3 148 889|
|Magazines||1 021 100|
|Specialised press||4 172 917|
|Total||225 047 662|
The author/publisher split (photocopying)
The following distribution keys applies to the division of remuneration between Norwegian authors and publishers for photocopying:
|Textbooks, reference books, sheet music, religious publications, other publisher-produced material|
|– All areas except textbooks and sheet music in universities and colleges||50 %||50 %|
|– Textbooks in universities and colleges||60 %||40 %|
|– Sheet music in universities and colleges||75 %||25 %|
|Non-fiction / prose books|
|– All areas except the schools and universities/colleges||70 %||30 %|
|– Schools||75 %||25 %|
|– Universities and colleges||60 %||40 %|
|Original works of fiction, government publications and reports||75 %||25 %|
|Collected literary works, songbooks, journals|
|– All types of material except poetry/lyrics in songbooks||60 %||40 %|
|– Poetry/lyrics in songbooks||50 %||50 %|
|Newspapers and magazines||70 %||30 %|
Further division of remuneration between authors and publishers
The authors' share of the remuneration is linked to reprographic reproduction of various types of material and the relevant breakdown among them. Each individual type of material and the type of source in which it is found give an indication of which groups of authors are entitled to remuneration.
The publishers' share of the remuneration is linked to the various types of sources and the relevant breakdown among them. Each individual source category/type of publication copied, and the type of material copied, give an indication of which publisher categories are entitled to remuneration.