Norwegian rightsholders have established a system of collective distribution. Most of the collected remuneration is distributed through the member organisations.
The distribution to the rightsholders' organisations is based on what is copied, following a key negotiated among the various organisations. It is subsequently up to the organisations to pass the remuneration on to the rightsholders.
Members and non-members of the organisations are to be treated equally.
Collective distribution 2020
|Rightsholder groups||Remuneration (NOK)|
|Non-fiction writers and translators||79 947 952|
|Journalists||12 413 599|
|Newspaper editors||1 609 937|
|Specialised press editors||3 252 480|
|Fiction writers and translators||13 003 457|
|Song text writers||3 453 770|
|Composers||6 264 432|
|Designers and illustrators||15 899 240|
|Visual artists||14 144 466|
|Arts and crafts||595 405|
|Fine arts photographers||1 037 607|
|Professional photographers||3 714 837|
|Books||76 808 142|
|Music||9 754 960|
|Newspapers||3 213 343|
|Magazines||1 013 938|
|Specialised press||4 223 350|
|Total||250 466 079|
The author/publisher split (photocopying)
The following distribution keys applies to the division of remuneration between Norwegian authors and publishers for photocopying:
|Textbooks, reference books, sheet music, religious publications, other publisher-produced material|
|– All areas except textbooks and sheet music in universities and colleges||50 %||50 %|
|– Textbooks in universities and colleges||60 %||40 %|
|– Sheet music in universities and colleges||75 %||25 %|
|Non-fiction / prose books|
|– All areas except the schools and universities/colleges||70 %||30 %|
|– Schools||75 %||25 %|
|– Universities and colleges||60 %||40 %|
|Original works of fiction, government publications and reports||75 %||25 %|
|Collected literary works, songbooks, journals|
|– All types of material except poetry/lyrics in songbooks||60 %||40 %|
|– Poetry/lyrics in songbooks||50 %||50 %|
|Newspapers and magazines||70 %||30 %|
Further division of remuneration between authors and publishers
The authors' share of the remuneration is linked to reprographic reproduction of various types of material and the relevant breakdown among them. Each individual type of material and the type of source in which it is found give an indication of which groups of authors are entitled to remuneration.
The publishers' share of the remuneration is linked to the various types of sources and the relevant breakdown among them. Each individual source category/type of publication copied, and the type of material copied, give an indication of which publisher categories are entitled to remuneration.