Norwegian rightsholders have established a system of collective distribution. Most of the collected remuneration is distributed through the member organisations.
The distribution to the rightsholders' organisations is based on what is copied, following a key negotiated among the various organisations. It is subsequently up to the organisations to pass the remuneration on to the rightsholders.
Members and non-members of the organisations are to be treated equally.
Collective distribution 2016
|Rightsholder groups||Remuneration (NOK)|
|Non-fiction writers and translators||58 534 093|
|Journalists||11 370 947|
|Newspaper editors||1 592 490|
|Specialised press editors||2 946 238|
|Fiction writers and translators||8 846 777|
|Song text writers||2 718 289|
|Composers||4 553 044|
|Designers and illustrators||12 894 633|
|Visual artists||11 429 570|
|Arts and crafts||129 953|
|Fine arts photographers||878 596|
|Professional photographers||3 063 324|
|Books and journals||62 996 480|
|Music||7 337 402|
|Newspapers||2 972 732|
|Specialised press||4 053 392|
|Total||197 293 639|
The author/publisher split (photocopying)
The following distribution keys applies to the division of remuneration between Norwegian authors and publishers for photocopying:
|Textbooks, reference books, sheet music, religious publications, other publisher-produced material|
|– All areas except textbooks and sheet music in universities and colleges||50 %||50 %|
|– Textbooks in universities and colleges||60 %||40 %|
|– Sheet music in universities and colleges||75 %||25 %|
|Non-fiction / prose books|
|– All areas except the schools and universities/colleges||70 %||30 %|
|– Schools||75 %||25 %|
|– Universities and colleges||60 %||40 %|
|Original works of fiction, government publications and reports||75 %||25 %|
|Collected literary works, songbooks, journals|
|– All types of material except poetry/lyrics in songbooks||60 %||40 %|
|– Poetry/lyrics in songbooks||50 %||50 %|
|Newspapers and magazines||70 %||30 %|
Further division of remuneration between authors and publishers
The authors' share of the remuneration is linked to reprographic reproduction of various types of material and the relevant breakdown among them. Each individual type of material and the type of source in which it is found give an indication of which groups of authors are entitled to remuneration.
The publishers' share of the remuneration is linked to the various types of sources and the relevant breakdown among them. Each individual source category/type of publication copied, and the type of material copied, give an indication of which publisher categories are entitled to remuneration.